CONFLICTS, PANDEMICS AND PEACEBUILDING: NEW PERSPECTIVES ON SECURITY SECTOR REFORM IN THE MENA REGION
The Covid-19 pandemic is not only a health challenge. In the MENA region, against the backdrop of protracted conflicts, instability, and an overall deterioration in socio-economic conditions, the coronavirus crisis adds another layer of vulnerability and has already had long-lasting repercussions on human security across the region. Moreover, as hybrid actors take on an important role as security providers amid the pandemic in a context of limited or absent oversight, risks associated to a lack of accountability, ethno-religious discrimination, human rights abuses and gender-based violence grow. While classical approaches to security provision tend to portray non-state actors and the State as inherently at odds, the complexity of a rapidly evolving security landscape throughout the region should trigger a revision of the very concept of effective governance. Against this backdrop, how should Security Sector Reform (SSR) strategies and programmes adapt? What lessons can be drawn from selected case studies such as Iraq, Libya, and Yemen? Ranj Alaaldin spoke to the Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance and the Italian Institute for International Political Studies as part of a panel discussion.
U.S. INFLUENCE IN THE Middle East AND COMPETITION FROM CHINA
Dr. Ranj Alaaldin of the Brookings Institution and Brookings Doha Center discussed the future of U.S. policy in the Middle East and whether China and Russia can compete with the U.S. in the region. The discussion took place as part of a Chatham House and Sharq Forum event on great power competition in the Middle East.